Per IDC, from a geographic perspective, the 3Q19 Ethernet switch market delivered mixed results across the globe. The Middle East and Africa region reportedly grew 9.3% with the region's largest market, the United Arab Emirates, growing 6.9% year over year while Israel's market grew 18.8%. Across Europe, growth was stagnant. The Central and Eastern Europe (CEE) region lost 9.0% compared to a year earlier with Russia dropping 13.9% year over year. The Western Europe market fell 6.1% with Germany losing 5.6% year over year. Denmark was a bright spot in the region with 18.6% year-over-year growth.